Case Reports from March 2016
Cryonics Institute Case Report for Patient Number 137
CI patient #137, James Swayze, was a 57 year old male who died in Washington State on February 28th, 2016. The patient was a CI member at the time of his death.
The patient had contracted with a local funeral director to provide initial cooling and transport services. The patient died in the early morning hours of February 28th, 2016. The patient was cooled in ice soon after death was pronounced and the funeral director administered heparin. Chest compressions were performed and the funeral director completely covered the patient in water ice and placed the patient in refrigeration. Because of difficulties with the medical examiner, the patient was not able to be transported until March 1st. The patient was in water ice and refrigeration during the full time.
The patient arrived at the CI facility, packed in water ice at approximately 3pm on the 2nd of March. The nasal temperature of the patient was 0.2c. Sara Walsh, CIs local cooperating funeral director, and CI employee, Hillary McCauley, who is also a licensed funeral director were both present for the perfusion and the perfusion began at about 3:30pm. A full body perfusion was attempted, but was aborted due to poor circulation and the efforts were concentrated on the head. No clotting in the blood was noted.
The perfusion was completed at 5:15pm. During the perfusion there were 6 liters of 30% Eg solution used and 18 liters of 70% VM1 solutions used. The refractive index was measured from the burr holes in the head instead of the jugular veins because of the poor flow from the jugular veins. The final refractive index of the effluents exiting the right burr hole was 1.4145. The final refractive index of the effluents exiting the left burr hole was 1.4163. Considerable edema of the head and face was noted, though edema in the brain was not noted. The nasal temperature upon completion of the perfusion was -1.9c.
The patient was then placed in the computer controlled cooling chamber to cool to liquid nitrogen temperature. The human vitrification program was selected and the time needed to cool the patient to liquid nitrogen temperature was five days and 17 hours. The patient was then placed in a cryostat for long-term cryonic storage.
Comments: Difficulties in getting the medical examiner to act quickly and a limited choice of flights to transport the patient to Michigan caused considerable delay, which in turn impaired the perfusion efforts.