Cryonics Institute Case Report for Patient Number 134
CI patient #134 was a 63 year old male who died in England on July 15th, 2015 from cancer. The patient was a CI member at the time of his death.
The patient had arrangements for standby, perfusion and dry ice transport to the CI facility with Cryonics UK. Those details will be added to this report once they become available.Once the patient arrived at the CI facility he was cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature in the computer controlled cooling unit over a period of 5 days and 18 hours and then placed in a cryostat for long-term storage.
Cryonics Institute Case Report for Patient Number 133
CI patient #133 was a 97 year old female who died in a Georgia hospital on June 18th, 2015. The patient was a CI member at the time of her death.
The next of kin had contracted with a local funeral director to provide initial cooling and transport services. The next of kin also worked with the hospital to arrange for heparin to be injected and chest compressions given at the time of death. The patient died at about 8pm on the 18th of June, 2015. The patient was injected with heparin, given chest compressions and placed in a body bag full of water ice. The patient was then taken to the cooperating funeral home and kept in ice and refrigeration while arrangements for a flight to Michigan were made.
The patient arrived at the CI facility, packed in water ice at approximately 11pm on the 19th of June. Jim and Sara Walsh, CIs local cooperating funeral directors, were both present for the perfusion and the perfusion began at 11:30pm. A full body perfusion was performed and there were no signs of clotting in the blood.
The perfusion was completed at 12:42am. During the perfusion there were 5 liters of 10% Eg solution used, 10 liters of 30 % Eg solution used and 34 liters of 70% VM1 solutions used. The final refractive index of the effluents exiting the right jugular vein was 1.4202. The final refractive index of the effluents exiting the left jugular vein was 1.4189. The refractive index of the effluents from the body was 1.4144. Considerable dehydration of the head and face was noted along with a bronzing color of the skin. There was some dehydration and bronzing in the body, but not to the extent of the face. No edema was noted.
The patient was then placed in the computer controlled cooling chamber to cool to liquid nitrogen temperature. The human vitrification program was selected and the time needed to cool the patient to liquid nitrogen temperature was five days and 14 hours. The patient was then placed in a cryostat for long-term cryonic storage.
Cryonics Institute Case Report for Patient Number 132
CI patient #132 was a 47 year old male from Pennsylvania. The patient was a CI member at the time of his death.
On March 24th 2015 at 12:30 pm patient 132, went into cardiac arrest and was pronounced in his home by hospice medical staff on scene. Due to the circumstance of his illness (ALS) He had publicly decided to have his ventilator removed. This afforded volunteer standby via myself (Dennis Kowalski) and funeral directors the ability to be available bedside to begin ice bath cool down and CPS immediately. Prior to his arrest he was administered IV Heparin, Mannitol, Malox, Morphine, and Versed by his physician. At approximately 12:31pm manual CPS and cool down was begun. Another 160 units of Heparin were given IV and 1 mg Epinephrine 1:10,000 was administered every 5 minutes IV bolus for the first 40 minutes. His initial temperature of 36.2 C was obtained via nasopharynx at 12:32. He was ventilated using an Bag valve mask with an ITD at about 12 vent per min. His end title CO2 was in the 5% range indicating good ventilation and gas exchange from the lungs. Approx 1 hour of high quality CPS was performed at a rate of 100 per min using the Lucas 1 automatic CPR unit while he was supine in the Ziegler Ice bath. In addition, ice water circulation was continued with a battery pack driven marine bildge pump and hose with an emphasis on the patients head. Departure from Pennsylvania was at 3:14 and the temp reading was 13.1 C. Ice water circulation continued enroute to CI with an arrival time of 11:52 pm where temperature was measured at 3.4 C.
Sara Walsh, CIs local cooperating funeral director, was present for the perfusion and she was assisted by Hillary, a licensed funeral director who works for her. The surgery for the perfusion began at 12:41am and the perfusion began at 1:01am. A full-body perfusion was performed. The temperature of the probe in the nasopharynx was 3.4c at the start of the perfusion.
The perfusion was finished at 2:15am. During the perfusion 6 liters of 10% EG solution, 10 liters of 30% EG solution and 70 liters of 70% VM1 solution were used. The final refractive index of the effluents exiting the right jugular vein from the head was 1.4226. The final refractive index of the effluents exiting from the right jugular vein in the body was 1.4206. The average flow rate during perfusion with 70%VM1 was 1.41 liters per minute. The temperature of the probe in the nasopharynx was -5.6c when the perfusion was complete.
The patient was then placed in the computer controlled cooling chamber to cool to liquid nitrogen temperature. The human vitrification program was selected and the time needed to cool the patient to liquid nitrogen temperature was five and a half days. The patient was then placed in a cryostat for long-term cryonic storage.
Comments: The perfusion of the patient went very well because of advanced planning and on hand standby at the moment of cardiac arrest. This case was a result of donations made possible from the venturist society and the very generous cryonics community.Thanks to all who donated the time and money to make this happen.